Prof Benedict Wand
B.App Sc(Physio), GradDip(EXSpSc), MAppSc(manip.physio), PhD
Professor

Email: Benedict.Wand@nd.edu.au
Phone: 9433 0203

Biography
Ben is currently the coordinator of musculoskeletal studies for the Physiotherapy program at The University of Notre Dame Australia. He completed his original physiotherapy degree, as well as post-graduate qualifications in sports science and manipulative physiotherapy in Sydney. He undertook his PhD at Brunel University in London on physiotherapy management of acute low back pain. His current research interests include the role of central nervous system dysfunction in chronic low back pain and physiotherapy management of chronic spinal pain.
Teaching Areas
Musculoskeletal physiotherapy
Evidence based practice
Research Expertise and Supervision
RESEARCH STUDENT SUPERVISION

PhD STUDENTS COMPLETED
Neil O'Connell. - Co-Supervisor with Professor Lorraine DeSouza. Brunel University.
Non-invasive brain stimulation as a novel approach for the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain: A systematic and critical evaluation of the existing evidence base, an exploration of the efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation and an investigation into the adequacy of commonly used sham controls. Completed 2012 - Awarded the University wide Walduck Prize for Research Impact.

PhD STUDENTS ONGOING
Peter Heine. - Co-Supervisor with Professor Sallie Lamb. Warwick University.
The role of body perception disturbance in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis?

Ian Skinner. - Co-Supervisor with Dr James McAuley and Prof Lorimer Moseley. UNSW.
The role of the brain in the transition from acute to chronic low back pain.

Paul Gittings. - Co-Supervisor with Dr Dale Edgar and Dr Tiffany Grisbrook . UNDA
High resistance training and its effect on function in people with acute burn injury

Mathew Bagg - Co-Supervisor with Dr James McAuley and Prof Lorimer Moseley. UNSW
Sensorimotor retraining and explain pain in the management of chronic low back pain

PROFESSIONAL DOCTORATE STUDENTS
Joanne Connaughton. UNDA.
The prevalence, characteristics, impact and current management of headache in people with schizophrenia and schizo-affective disorder.

MASTERS STUDENTS
Sam Abbaszadeh. - Co-Supervisor with Dr Anne Smith. Curtin University.
Does acupuncture applied as a sensory discrimination training tool decrease pain in chronic low back pain patients more than acupuncture alone? Completed 2012 - Outcome: Distinction.

Megan van Selm. - Co-Supervisor with Dr Will Gibson. UNDA.
Does the visual distortion of body size modulate deep tissue pain perception?

HONOURS STUDENTS
  • Garnier A. The influence of threat on the conditioned pain modulation response. ongoing
  • Cheng T-H. The influence of pain empathy on the conditioned pain modulation response. ongoing
  • Sawyer A. Does altered body perception contribute To Lumbopelvic Pain in Pregnant Women? H1 Classification.
  • Turner R. Does enhanced pain sensitivity contribute To Lumbopelvic Pain in Pregnant Women? H1 Classification.
  • Spence R. Do maladaptive pain beliefs contribute To Lumbopelvic Pain in Pregnant Women? H2A Classification.
  • Bagg M. Pelvic landmark displacement as a result of SIJ movement: a kinematic study. H1 Classification.
  • Skinner I. Local and remote pressure pain threshold testing in patients with chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. H1 Classification.
  • Krumanacher S. Does laterality recognition training decrease the pain associated with hopping in people with chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy? H1 Classification.
  • Stephens S. Can the use of Mirror Visual Feedback improve sensation in areas of chronic numbness following a peripheral nerve injury? H1 Classification.
  • Arcus C. The tactile integration acuity test: are side to side differences related to space based or anatomically based deficits? H2A Classification.
  • Szpak L. Does simulated sensory-motor incongruence influence pressure pain thresholds in healthy volunteers? H2A Classification.
  • Martin C. Which baseline characteristics influence short term outcome in upper limb burns patients and are any of these factors treatment effect moderators for a cortical training approach. H1 Classification.
  • Butler P. Laterality recognition and two point discrimination in patients with chronic mid portion Achilles tendonopathy. H1 Classification.
  • Keeves J. Referred sensations are present but uncommon in chronic non-specific low back pain patients. H1 Classification.
  • James M. Disturbances in self-perception in patients with CLBP: preliminary results of a back pain specific body perception questionnaire. H1 Classification.
  • Tulloch V. Patients with chronic non-specific low back pain experience less movement related pain when viewing their back: A pilot randomised within subjects crossover experiment. H1 Classification.
  • Robertson A. Hand laterality recognition in patients with acute unilateral limb burn. A study of reliability. H2A Classification.
  • Zorzi L. Cortical training in the management of acute upper limb burns: a pilot randomised controlled trial. H2A Classification.
  • Elgin P: Pilot study on the effectiveness of the graded motor imagery programme in a stroke patient with complex regional pain syndrome type I. H2A Classification
  • Matcham S: Do peripheral or central events explain the changes in pain and function after accessory motion testing of the lumbar spine? H1 Classification
  • van Lathum A: Are changes in anticipatory postural adjustments of the anterior abdominal wall musculature, reductions in pain and improvement in self-reported function mediated by cognitive belief processes in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain? H1 Classification
  • Di Pietro F: Do chronic low back pain patients demonstrate changes in cortical sensory function? H1 Classification
  • Riggio E: Does Thoracic Manipulation Change Sensitivity to Upper Limb Neural Tissue Provocation Testing? A Pilot Study. H1 Classification.
  • Hunter R: Do the self-reported aggravating activities of chronic low back pain patients demonstrate a directional preference. H1 Classification
  • Chifelle L: Timed Functional Tasks: Are they a valid and responsive measure of disability in acute low back pain? H2a Classification.

 

Research and engagement

Journal Articles and Proceedings
  • Luomajoki H, et al. (2015) The effect of motor control and tactile acuity training on patients with non-specific low back pain and movement control impairment. The Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies (In Press).
  • Hübscher M, et al. (2014) Limb immobilisation does not modulate sensory and perceptual effects of experimentally-induced arm pain. European Journal of Applied Physiology (In Press)
  • Skinner I, et al. (2014) Chronic mid portion Achilles tendinopathy is not associated with central sensitisation. Pain and Rehabilitation 37: 34-40.
  • Catley MJ, et al. (2014) Show me the skin! Does seeing the back enhance tactile acuity? Manual Therapy. 19(5):461-6. Wand BM, et al. (2014) Lumbar tactile acuity is near identical between sides in healthy pain-free participants. Manual Therapy. 19(5):504-7.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2014) Illusory touch temporarily improves sensation in areas of chronic numbness: A brief communication. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 28(8):797-9.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2014) Disturbances in self-perception in people with chronic low back pain: Preliminary results of a back pain specific body perception questionnaire. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. 27(4):463-73.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2014). Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Techniques for Chronic Pain in Adults: A Systematic Review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Apr 11;4.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2014). Moving in an environment of induced sensorimotor incongruence does not influence pain sensitivity in healthy volunteers: a randomised within-subject cross-over experiment. PLOS One. Apr 7;9(4):e93701.
  • Smart K, et al. (2013). Physiotherapy interventions for treating pain and disability in adults with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) Types I and II. A Protocol for a systematic review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 11:CD010853.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2013). Acupuncture applied as a sensory discrimination training tool decreases movement-related pain in patients with chronic low back pain more than acupuncture alone: a randomised cross-over experiment. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 47(17):1085-9.
  • Stanton T, et al. (2013). Local anaesthetic sympathetic blockade for complex regional pain syndrome: A systematic review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Aug 19;8:CD004598.
  • Di Pietro F, et al. (2013). Primary motor cortex function in complex regional pain syndrome: a systematic review & meta-analysis. The Journal of Pain. Nov;14(11):1270-88.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2013). Brain stimulation in the treatment of chronic pain. Pain and Rehabilitation. 35:4-11.
  • Di Pietro F, et al. (2013). Functional changes in the primary somatosensory cortex in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS): A systematic review. The Journal of Pain. Oct;14(10):1001-18.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2013). Interventions for treating pain and disability in adults with complex regional pain syndrome: an overview of systematic reviews. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Apr 30;4:CD009416.
  • Catley M, et al. (2013). Assessing tactile acuity in rheumatology and musculoskeletal medicine – how good are two point discrimination tests at the neck, hand, back and foot? Rheumatology. Aug;52(8):1454-61.
  • Wand BM et al. (2013). Mislocalisation of sensory information in people with chronic low back pain: A preliminary investigation. Clinical Journal of Pain. Aug;29(8):737-43.
  • Stanton T, et al. (2013). What characterizes people who have an unclear classification using a treatment-based classification algorithm for low back pain? A cross-sectional study. Physical Therapy. Mar;93(3):345-55.
  • Hush J, et al. (2013). Intercultural comparison of patient satisfaction with physiotherapy care in Australia and Korea: an exploratory factor analysis. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy. May;21(2):103-12.
  • O'Connell N, et al. (2013). Transcranial direct current stimulation of the motor cortex in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain. A randomised, double-blind exploratory study. Clinical Journal of Pain. 29(1):26-34.
  • Hush J, et al. (2012). Patient satisfaction with physical therapy care in Australia: an international comparison. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy. 20(4):201-8.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2012). Transcranial direct current stimulation delivered at 2mA intensity is not adequately blinded. PLoS One. 7(10):e47514.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2012). Seeing it helps: movement-related back pain is reduced by visualisation of the back during movement. Clinical Journal of Pain. 28(7):602-608.
  • Parkitny L, et al. (2012). The clinimetric properties of the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS-21) in a chronic low back pain population: A Rasch analysis. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 65(2):189-98.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2011). Interventions for treating pain and disability in adults with complex regional pain syndrome: an overview of systematic reviews (Protocol) Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011, Issue 11.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2011). Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques for chronic pain in adults: A report of a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. 47(2):309-26.
  • Edgar D, et al. (2011). Prevention of Neural Hypersensitivity after Acute Upper Limb Burn Injury: Development and Demonstration of a Cortical Training Protocol. Burns. 37(4):698-706.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2011). Treating Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain Using a Sensori-motor Retraining Approach: An Explorative Multiple Baseline Study Across Three Patients. Physical Therapy. 91(4):535-46.
  • Stanton T, et al. (2011). Does a treatment-based classification algorithm for low back pain define mutually exclusive treatment subgroups? A cross-sectional study. Physical Therapy. 91(4):496-509.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2011) Cortical changes with chronic low back pain: Current state of the art and implications for clinical practice. Manual Therapy. 16(1):154-20.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2010). Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Techniques for Chronic Pain in Adults: A Systematic Review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Sep 8;(9).
  • Wand BM, et al. (2010) Tactile thresholds are preserved yet complex sensory function is impaired over the lumbar spine of chronic non-specific low back pain patients: a preliminary investigation. Physiotherapy. 96(4):317-23.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2010). Self-reported assessment of disability and performance-based assessment of disability are influenced by different patient characteristics in acute low back pain. European Spine Journal. 19(4): 633-637.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2010). Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Techniques for Chronic Pain in Adults: A Systematic Review (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2010 Issue 1.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2009). The brain in chronic low back pain – A brief stroll through the evidence. The Backcare Journal. Winter 09/10:8-10.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2009). Interpretive bias in acupuncture research? A case study. Evaluations and the Health Professions. 32(4):393-409.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2009) Predicting outcome in acute low back pain using different models of patient profiling. Spine. 34(18): 1970-1975.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2009) The self-reported aggravating activities of people with chronic non-specific low back pain do not involve consistent directions of spinal movement: an observational study. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 55: 47-51.
  • Wand BM and O'Connell NE (2008). Chronic low back pain – sub groups or a single mechanism? BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders., 9:11.
  • Wand BM, et al (2004). Early intervention for the management of acute low back pain: A single blind randomised controlled trial of psycho-social education, manual therapy and exercise. Spine;29(21):2350-2356.
CONSULTANCY REPORTS
  • Joint Spinal Care Working Group (2009). Spinal Pain Model of Care. Health Networks Branch, Department of Health, Perth, Western Australia.
INVITED EDITORIALS
  • O'Connell NE, Wand BM (2015) Transcranial direct current stimulation for chronic pain. Dwindling promise? British Medical Journal (in press).
  • O'Connell NE, Wand BM (2013). When "strong" might be wrong: Evaluating the evidence in CRPS management. European Journal of Pain. 17(2):143-4.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2012). Should we abandon cervical spine manipulation for mechanical neck pain? Yes. British Medical Journal. Jun 7;344:e3679.
  • O'Connell NE, Wand BM (2011). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for chronic pain: Time to evolve from exploration to confirmation? Pain. 152(11):2451-2.
  • Wand BM (2011). A self-management toolkit for people in pain. Journal of Physiotherapy. 57(4):262.
LETTERS
  • 'Connell NE, et al. (2010). A failure of the review process? Pain. 149(1):160.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2010). Depression may contribute to the sensory changes in whiplash patients? Manual Therapy. 15(3):e1.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2009). The conclusion was drawn from the data. The Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 55(3):221.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2009). Acupuncture for low back pain: interpretive leaps of faith. Spine.34(7):752. IF 2.447. IF 2.447
  • Wand BM, O'Connell N (2008). German acupuncture trials for chronic low back pain. Arch Intern Med. May 12;168(9):1011.
Conference Papers
INVITED SPEAKER
  • Wand BM (2015) Chronic low back pain: A problem of perception. Pre conference workshop. Australian Pain Society Annual Conference. Brisbane, Australia.
  • Wand BM (2014) Chronic low back pain: A maladaptive perceptions model. Conference of the Dutch Association for Manual Therapy. Rotterdam, Netherlands.
  • Wand BM (2014) Chronic Spinal and Lower Back Pain. WA Podiatry Conference. Perth, Australia.
  • Wand BM (2013) Plasticity in the sensorimotor systems and implications for treatment. 8th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back & Pelvic Pain. Dubai, UAE.
  • Wand BM (2013) Maladaptive neural plasticity and chronic low back pain. Australian Osteopathic Association Conference. Perth, Australia.
  • Wand BM (2013) Neurophysiology in low back pain. Australian Rheumatology Association 54th ARA Annual Scientific Meeting. Perth, Australia.
  • Wand BM (2012). Chronic lower back pain: A maladaptive perceptions model. APA WA Branch Symposium. Perth, Australia.
  • Wand BM (2012). Chronic low back pain: A maladaptive perceptions model. NOI 2012: Neurodynamics and the Neuromatrix Conference. Adelaide, Australia.
  • Luomajoki H, Wand BM (2012). Clinical assessment of central sensitisation: Workshop. NOI 2012: Neurodynamics and the Neuromatrix Conference. Adelaide, Australia.
RESEARCH PRESENTATIONS
  • Skinner I et al. (2015) Motor imagery training decreases pain on loading in people with chronic Achilles tendinopathy: A preliminary randomised cross-over experiment. Australian Pain Society 34th Annual Scientific Meeting, Brisbane, Australia.
  • Connaughton J, Wand B (2014). Prevalence, characteristics and impact of headaches experienced by people with schizophrenia and schizo-affective disorder. The 5th International Physical Therapy in Psychiatry and Mental Health Conference: Utrecht, Netherlands.
  • Beales D, et al. (2013). Sleep, catastrophising and disturbed body schema are related to disability in chronic pregnancy related lumbopelvic pain. Australian Physiotherapy Association Conference; "New Moves", Melbourne, Australia.
  • Catley, MJ, et al. (2012). Show me the skin! Visual input of the back improves tactile acuity. NOI 2012: Neurodynamics & the Neuromatrix conference. Adelaide, Australia.
  • Di Pietro F, et al. (2011). Tactile thresholds are preserved yet complex sensory function is impaired over the lumbar spine of chronic non-specific low back pain patients. A preliminary investigation. Australian Pain Society 31st Annual Scientific Meeting. Darwin, Australia
  • Hush J, et al. (2011). Patient satisfaction with musculoskeletal physiotherapy care in Australia is high. World Physical Therapy Congress. Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Zorzi L, et al. (2009). Cortical training in the management of acute upper limb burns: a pilot randomised controlled trial Australian and New Zealand Burns Association Conference. Wellington, NZ 25th September.
  • Zorzi L, et al. (2009). Cortical training in the management of acute upper limb burns: a pilot randomised controlled trial. Australian Physiotherapy Association National Conference Week, Sydney, 1-5th October.
  • O'Connell NE, et al. (2009).Tactile Thresholds are Preserved yet Cortical Sensory Function is Impaired in Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain Patients. 3rd International Conference in Movement Dysfunction. Edinburgh, 30 Oct – 1Nov.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2009).Tactile Thresholds are Preserved yet Cortical Sensory Function is Impaired in Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain Patients. 3rd International Conference in Movement Dysfunction. Edinburgh, 30 Oct – 1Nov.
  • Wand BM (2007). Chronic low back pain – sub groups or a single mechanism? Invited speaker, 1st Brunel Pain symposium. London, UK.
  • McAuley JH, et al (2005). Refining physiotherapy care for acute low back pain. Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia 14th Biennial Conference, Brisbane, Australia.
  • Wand BM, et al. (2004) International low back pain guidelines: a comparison of two research based models of care for the management of acute low back pain. Australian Physiotherapy Association 8th International Physiotherapy Congress, Adelaide, Australia.
  • Wand BM, et al (2001). Early intervention leads to improved outcomes in acute low back pain: A randomised controlled trial of physiotherapy in primary care. First International Conference on Movement Dysfunction, Edinburgh, UK.